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「imtoken」有关以太坊“合并”的三大理解误区

admin imtoken下载 2022年07月26日

Many might hope that this structure change would cause the price of “gas fees” to decline, since such fees can sometimes add hundreds of dollars to the cost of processing Ether transactions depending on how congested the network is. But that won’t happen, Beiko said.

译者:冯丰

然而,这里也存在一些有关合并的不准确说法。人们可能难以判断哪些是真,哪些是假。

To ensure that the merge happens smoothly, Ethereum developers have launched multiple tests and upgrades over many years.

另一个误区就是,合并将降低以太坊的“矿工费”,也就是“交易费”。贝科说,这也是不准确的。

译者:冯丰

1.合并不会带来“新的”以太币

The goal of the merge is to make Ethereum more scalable, secure and sustainable. After all, if it happens as planned, its crypto mining would become obsolete, which would reduce Ethereum’s environmental impact substantially; the supply of Ether would likely decline, because fewer coins are expected to be issued; blockchain security against potential attack is supposed to improve; and institutional investment in the Ethereum network is expected to increase.

以太坊基金会在一篇博文中写道:“不幸的是,恶意参与者尝试使用ETH2这种误称来诓骗用户,并唆使他们用自己的以太币来换取‘ETH2’代币,或者唆使他们必须在Eth2升级之前,通过某种方式来迁移其以太币。”

借助这个万众期盼的名为“合并”的升级,以太坊(Ethereum)计划从工作量证明模式转变为权益证明模式(随后会具体介绍)。

当前,以太坊同时运营工作量证明和权益证明两条链。尽管这两条链都有验证器,但当前处理用户交易的只有工作量证明链。一旦合并完成,以太坊的区块链将全面转至权益证明链,即信标链(Beacon Chain),同时淘汰挖矿。

贝科建议投资者要对外部人士有关合并空投或免费代币的承诺持“怀疑”态度。

Some predict it might happen this summer, but it’s important to only rely on the word of the Ethereum Foundation regarding confirmed timing. As Beiko says, “it is likely that scams [and] fake announcements will pop up in the coming months.”

But, there are other narratives surrounding the merge that are inaccurate. It might be difficult to determine what is true and what is not.

以太坊当前依靠的是大家所熟知的工作量证明模式。按照这一模式,矿机必须完成复杂的数学难题来验证交易,并生成新的货币。这一流程要求大量的算力,而且通常因为其环境影响而受到诟病。

时间表的确定取决于还需要为合并做多少准备工作。毕竟,合并的成功至关重要,因为很多东西都建立在以太坊之上,包括大量的资金。它不仅驱动着世界第二大加密货币以太币,同时还支撑着热门的去中心化金融(DeFi)应用和非同质化代币(NFT)。

审校:夏林

为了确保合并能够顺利进行,以太坊的开发者在过去数年内已经推出了多个测试和升级。

The unknown timeline is due to how much preparation is required for the merge to take place. After all, the success of the merge is a big deal because there’s a lot—including a great sum of money—relying on Ethereum. It not only powers Ether, the second largest cryptocurrency, but also supports popular decentralized finance (DeFi) applications and non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

一个很大的误区在于,以太坊在合并后会发行“新”代币。以太坊的开发者蒂姆·贝科对《财富》杂志说,这是不准确的。以太坊的加密货币以太币不会有什么变化。

2.合并不会降低以太坊的费用

另一个误区就是,合并将降低以太坊的“矿工费”,也就是“交易费”。贝科说,这也是不准确的。

审校:夏林

一个很大的误区在于,以太坊在合并后会发行“新”代币。以太坊的开发者蒂姆·贝科对《财富》杂志说,这是不准确的。以太坊的加密货币以太币不会有什么变化。

你可能已经听说了,全球最常用的区块链马上将要进行一次大规模的升级,此举将改变其基础设施,并让其变得更加节能。然而,投资者需要注意的是,这里存在几个广为流传的理解误区。

在过去,合并被称为“以太坊2.0”或“Eth2.”。然而,今年1月,以太坊基金会与区块链核心开发者宣布,这种标签将被淘汰,因为很多骗子尝试说服用户,届时将出现不同于ETH的新“Eth2”代币,但这是无稽之谈。

The merge will only shift Ethereum from a proof-of-work model to proof-of-stake.

Currently, Ethereum has both a proof-of-work and proof-of-stake chain running in parallel. While both chains have validators, only the proof-of-work chain currently processes users’ transactions. Once the merge is complete, Ethereum's blockchain will shift fully to the proof-of-stake chain, called the Beacon Chain, making mining obsolete.

有鉴于有关“新”代币的这一错误认知,以太坊基金会(Ethereum Foundation)在今年1月发布了有关如何看待合并的指引。

With the planned upgrade, Ethereum is moving to proof-of-stake, which would let users validate transactions according to how many coins they contribute, or stake. In return for staking more coins, users have a higher likelihood of being chosen to validate transactions on the network and earn a reward.

借助规划中的升级,以太坊将转而使用权益证明模式,它将让用户根据其贡献或质押的代币量来验证交易。作为对质押更多代币的回报,用户获选在网络上验证交易并获取奖励的概率更高。

合并仅会把以太坊从工作量证明模式转变为权益证明模式。

为了确保合并能够顺利进行,以太坊的开发者在过去数年内已经推出了多个测试和升级。

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